Zinc (Zn) is a key micronutrient and is essential for basic cellular activities, such as cell growth, differentiation, and survival.
After the discovery of zinc deficiency in the 1960s, it soon became clear that zinc was essential for the functioning of the immune system.
Balanced zinc homeostasis is vital, either for defense against pathogens or for protecting the human body from an over-reactive immune system, which causes autoimmune disorders, chronic inflammation, or allergies.
In this regard, zinc is justifiably considered the guardian of the immune system, as the adequate function of almost all immune cells depends largely on its homeostasis.
Thus, the effect of zinc on the immune system, on transcription factors, on cell differentiation and proliferation, on the synthesis and repair of DNA and RNA, on the activation or inhibition of enzymes, on the regulation of cellular signaling and on cell stabilization and stabilization. membranes, make it important for health.